The legal framework for the destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: Concluding considerations (7/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, Report1 Comment

Man in Timbuktu. Photo credit: Mission de l'ONU au Mali - UN Mission in Mali via Foter.com / CC BY-NC-SA

The destruction of Sufi shrines and ancient manuscripts in Timbuktu, Mali, received a good deal of intention from the national and international community. Attitudes to cultural heritage has occasionally been criticized for being euro-centric. The prosecution of Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi for the destruction of the shrines by the ICC under the Rome Statute, the action taken to safeguard … Read More

The legal framework for destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: Further legal considerations (6/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, ReportLeave a Comment

The Tomb of Askia standing 17 m tall. Photo credit: UNESCO Africa

Destruction of World Heritage The UNESCO Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972 ought to be considered in connection to the conflict in Mali and the destruction of its cultural heritage. Especially so, considering that the targeted shrines were considered World Heritage as a part of the inscribed city of Timbuktu, and as it … Read More

The legal framework for destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: A War-crime? (5/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, Report1 Comment

Ansar Dine. Photo credit: Magharebia

Both of the cases in Timbuktu involve the destruction of tangible cultural heritage. The intention to destroy these bodies is set within the context of conflict and may be interpreted in relation to it or as a result of it. The events therefore may be considered within such international frameworks:   The Hague Convection for the Protection of Cultural Property … Read More

Meet the 2016 SAFE Interns

Paige BrevickAnnouncement, ArticleLeave a Comment

Ruins of Ancient Rome

It has been a busy year so far at SAFE! We have a new Executive Team, new campaigns have emerged for heritage preservation, and our interns have been hard at work all year. As an entirely volunteer led organization, SAFE depends on the passion and expertise of our interns.  SAFE interns work on outreach projects, speak at campus events, and … Read More

The legal framework for the destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: What is the background for destruction of cultural heritage? (2/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, ReportLeave a Comment

The Bamiyan Buddhas today. Photo credit: DVIDSHUB via Foter.com / CC BY

Political instability The conflict in Mali is complicated in its origin and may be connected to political unrest in the state prior to the military coup on the 21st of March 2012. Significantly such unrest may be traced back to the insurgency movements in the 1990’s. The North of Mali is home to the nomadic ethnic group – Tuareg, who … Read More

The Ancient Art of Collecting

Marina LahowinArticle, What do you think?Leave a Comment

In 1925, archaeologists Leonardo Woolley was excavating in an ancient Sumerian city called Ur, located in present day Iraq. There he uncovered one of the oldest collections of antiquities in the Ennigaldi-Nanna’s Museum, believed to be from 530 BC. The museum contained a diverse collection of ancient objects from Mesopotamia dating back as far as 2058 BC. Still more incredible, … Read More

The legal framework for the destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: The manuscripts and shrines of Timbuktu (3/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, ReportLeave a Comment

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Historical Background The city of Timbuktu has carried significance since the 12th century and especially carried significance during the domination of the Songhay Empire from the 15th to the 16th Century. The city took great advantage of its strategic position and became a centre for both trade, scientific developments and as the heart of spiritual and Islamic thought in Africa. … Read More

The legal framework for the destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: The significance of the cases (4/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, ReportLeave a Comment

Sankore mosque

The manuscripts of Mali are significant as they represent a history of written tradition in Africa. This aspect of African history has often been overlooked and its absence has been applied within a post-colonial context as argumentation for the inferiority of African civilizations and culture. Another element often emphasized as argumentation for the devaluation of African heritage – is the absence … Read More

The legal framework for the destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu during 2012-2013: Overview (1/7)

Nanette Askholm BulowArticle, ReportLeave a Comment

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The military coup in Timbuktu in March 2012, caused the escalation of political and religious unrest in Northern Mali. The internal instability of the country soon caught the attention of the global public after two separate cases of destruction of cultural heritage in Timbuktu had occurred. The first of these events occurred in the summer of 2012 months after the ... Read More

Antiquities in the Art Market

Marina LahowinArticle, What do you think?1 Comment

Antiquities in the art market have long been a topic of controversy surrounding auction houses, museums, collectors and even governments. From looted antiquities making their way onto the shelves of respected institutions to auction houses being caught red handed with smuggled goods, the issue is unrelenting and without an easy solution. The antiquities market is considered to be a gray market, … Read More